Sunday, March 11, 2012

List of Freshwater Fishes for Lebanon

Acipenseriformes Acipenseridae Acipenser sturio native  Sturgeon 
Anguilliformes Anguillidae Anguilla anguilla native  European eel  H'anklyss 
Cyprinodontiformes Cyprinodontidae Aphanius fasciatus native  Samak Ghomoq 
Cyprinodontiformes Cyprinodontidae Aphanius mento native 
Atheriniformes Atherinidae Atherina boyeri native  Big-scale sand smelt  Bizhreh 'Hâdy 
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Barbatula panthera native 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Barbus longiceps misidentification 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Carasobarbus canis misidentification 
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Chelon labrosus native  Thicklip grey mullet  Boûry Sayloun 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Cyprinus carpio carpio introduced  Common carp 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Gambusia holbrooki introduced  Eastern mosquitofish 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Garra rufa native 
Perciformes Gobiidae Gobius paganellus native  Rock goby 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Hypophthalmichthys molitrix introduced  Silver carp 
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Liza aurata native  Golden grey mullet  Boûry Shylân 
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Liza ramada native  Thinlip grey mullet  Boûry Dhehbân 
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Mugil cephalus native  Flathead grey mullet  Gharyb 
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Nemacheilus insignis misidentification 
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Nemacheilus leontinae native 
Salmoniformes Salmonidae Oncorhynchus mykiss not established  Rainbow trout 
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Oxynoemacheilus angorae native  Angora loach 
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Paracobitis tigris native 
Pleuronectiformes Pleuronectidae Platichthys flesus native  European flounder 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Pseudophoxinus kervillei native 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Pseudophoxinus libani native 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Pseudophoxinus syriacus native 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Squalius lepidus native 
Perciformes Cichlidae Tilapia zillii native  Redbelly tilapia 

Tuesday, March 6, 2012

Newly Discovered Catfish Potentially Fatal to Humans

LEBANON - Experts have warned that catfish which have recently begun migrating to Lebanese waters could be fatal to humans in certain circumstances.

TheDailyStar reports that recent diving operations carried out by divers from the Professional Divers Association in Lebanon and the Civil Defense Marine Rescue Team in the waters near the town of Jiyeh led to the discovery of a catfish sanctuary.

“Their presence in the seabed is beautiful and wonderful,” said diving instructor Maha Hajj, who headed the joint diving team.

Catfish, of which there are many various species, are so called due to the whiskers on their face, three on each side, according to the divers.

“The scene is amazing, catfish swim beside each other like a block of fire,” she told reporters. Ms Hajj said it was likely that this type of fish has come from the Red Sea, saying it was spotted for the first time in Tyre’s seabed over one year ago.

The divers, after carefully monitoring the movement of migrating fish, took photos of the seabed and filmed it with their cameras.

But Ms Hajj warned that the catfish could potentially prove fatal to fishermen. “The intruding fish are capable of stinging and have a harmful poison.”

“There are three thorns on the back and sides of the fish and once it stings, it emits a strong poison in the body of the human being, which might be fatal under some circumstances,” she added.

For his part, Mohammad Sarji, the head of the Professional Divers Association, said that the scientific name for this particular catfish is the Plotosus lineatus, from the Plotosidae family of the species.

 Plotosus lineatus

He explained that catfish cannot survive alone, but rather live in very large groups, with some numbering several hundreds.

This type of catfish seeks shelter in rocky caves, the experts said. Each fish can grow to up to 20 centimeters in length.

“The slogan for this particular fish is ‘examine but don’t touch,’” said Mohammad Mezher, the head of the Civil Defense Marine Rescue Team in the Jiyeh headquarters.

TheFishSite News Desk

Plotosus lineatus